The burns can upset just anyone and it is very important for the person to understand the symptoms and types of burns and how to deal with them.

The Symptoms of Burns

  • Blisters
  • Pain (However, the most serious burns can be without pain)
  • Cracking skin
  • Red skin
  • Shock (pale skin, weakness, blue lips)
  • Swelling
  • White skin

Classification of burns

Burns are classified as per the depth and intensity of the injury. These are the factors that help to make out how the burn injury can be treated further. They are described as first, second and third degree-

  • First degree burns are the superficial burns and affect just the top layer of skin. The results are general redness of the skin, swelling, and extreme soreness. Such burns generally heal well but are painful in the early healing stages.
  • Second-degree burns or the partial thickness burns go beyond the middle layer of skin. It causes the creation of blisters that are either intact or broken with the bordering skin getting red and soft. There are high chances for these burns to be infected; therefore the patients must seek due medical help and care.
  • Third degree or full thick burns include the three layers of skin. It destroys the hair follicles, sweat glands, and endings of nerve. Such burns look quite pale, wax-like and at times scorched. As nerve ends get damaged, they become comparatively painless. Medical attention is required immediately.

Chemical Burns

  • Chemical burns can happen when the strong acids come in contact with the skin or eyes particularly. For due care:
  • Rinse the affected area with running water for about 20 minutes.
  • Remove the contaminated clothing with care. Do not touch the unaffected skin.
  • Rinsing the affected eye at once and carry on doing till the patient gets medical help.
  • Cover the burned area broadly with a clean and dry cloth.
  • Dial 911 for emergency medical help.

Thermal Burns

A heat caused burns can happen when skin comes in touch with a heat source. They are caused by flames from gas, kerosene stoves, lighted cigarettes and lighters and the flameless elements such as hot electrical appliances, irons, motors, and engines. For due care:

  • Treat the affected area with cold water till there is less pain.
  • In case blister forms, do not touch it or try to break it.
  • Cover the burn with dry and sterile bandage or cloth.
  • Do not treat the burn with oils, ointments or sprays.
  • Dial 911 for emergency medical attention.

Electrical Burns

Electrical burns can happen when skin comes in contact with electricity, Alternating Current or Direct Current. Electric shock can make an impact on respiration and heart activities.

  • Unplug the electric appliance that caused the injury.
  • Make sure that the patient is breathing still. If not, try cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR.
  • Cover the burnt area with a sterile bandage.
  • Dial 911 for emergency medical help.

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