Non-Prescription Drugs

The non-prescription drugs are any drug that the patient buys and takes without the prescription of the doctor. They are also known as Over The Counter or OTC drugs or pain relievers medicine. They are in effect for seeking relief from mild and moderate pain. But, it is better not to assume that all the non-prescription drugs are safe and can be easily taken. The non-prescription drugs can have side effects with other medicines. Thus, it can cause many serious health problems.

Non-prescription pain relievers or drugs are analgesics. You can buy them from the local store or chemist store. They include aspirin, such as Ascriptin, Bufferin or Ecotrin; Acetaminophen, such as Anacin-3, Datril, Tylenol; and Ibuprofen, such as Advil, Motrin, Nuprin. Most of them are available in the market with different names. However, if you have a look at the labels and ascertain them, nearly all of them contain one of these three above mentioned medicines.

Some of the non-prescription drugs should be used only with the adults or the older children. You should be very sure to go through all the instructions on the package very carefully. If you are still in doubt, better ask a pharmacist before you give the medicine to an infant or a young child. In case of a pregnant patient, the patient herself or her helper should always check and make sure with the doctor or pharmacist about the effects of the medicine prior to using any of the non-prescription medicines.

It is seen in some cases that the patients believe that the nonprescription drugs are all they need to relieve from pain, particularly when you are on the top of the pain. Those who take these drugs on the regular and contraceptive basis, these drugs are strong analgesics as the most people actually realize.

A few doses of the prescription pain relievers taken by mouth cannot be that effective as compared to two or three usual tablets of Acetaminophen or Aspirin. Research says that for most people the normal dose of nonprescription pain relievers offers as much relief from pain as prescription drugs such as Darvon or Codeine. The patient feels that when they are having pain relief from the nonprescription drugs, what is the use of taking the prescription pain drugs?

Keep all the drugs, specially the non-prescription drugs out of reach of your children and pets. At the time of discarding the drugs, be very sure to dispose of them completely, somewhere they cannot be found back.

It is also possible that for most people, the nonprescription pain reliever drugs have few side effects than the prescription pain drugs. Know about them before you take the medicine.

Some common non-prescription medications include:

  • Antacids and acid reducers
  • Activated charcoal
  • Anti Acne drugs
  • Analgesics
  • Anti-diarrheals
  • Anti-Hemorrhoid Drugs
  • Anti-Histamines
  • Antiseptics
  • Bulking agents and laxatives
  • Cold and allergy remedies
  • Cough suppressants
  • Decongestants
  • Expectorants
  • Laxative
  • Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs
  • Pain relievers
  • Smoking Cessation
  • Vasodilators

First Aid

To make first aid kit is very important as it comes handy at the time of emergency. It is the complete set of medicines and bandages that provides you first aid in an emergency. The first aid kit has to be very well kept and should be very easy to be accessed at the time of emergency.

The first aid kit to be used at the time of emergency should have all the important tools that are required at the time of emergency. You should be able to use it at the time when disasters strike as tornadoes, earthquakes, hurricanes, volcanoes etc and any other kind of emergency, before one can actually use the medical aid.

Be very sure to keep your first aid kit in a safe and secure location. It should be well accessed after the strike of the emergency situation. Your job does not end as you make a first aid kit for yourself. There are some more jobs too to be done by you. You have to rotate all the first aid supplies in the kit to keep all of them new and fresh. You have to be especially very sure when the first aid kit is kept in your vehicle. This is mainly due to the reason that the exposure to heat may make the shelf life of the first aid supplies short.

We recommend here that you bring your first aid supplies up to date twice in a year. One basic rule of thumb is that you should refresh the kits quite often. Check for damaged bandages, expired medicines, ointments, syrups or creams and replace them at once.

The basic ingredients for the first aid at the time of emergency is –

  • Band-Aids
  • Antiseptic soap or alcohol preps or wipes
  • Antibiotic creams and ointment
  • Skin ointments
  • Tweezers
  • Moleskin
  • Ace bandages
  • Plastic bandages
  • Adhesive bandages
  • Extra large plastic bandages
  • Fingertip bandages
  • Butterfly bandages
  • Sterile bandage rolls
  • Spray bottle with bleach solution to disinfect
  • A thermometer in a strong case
  • Non-Aspirin pain reliever
  • Medicines for diseases like cold and diarrhea
  • Prescriptions in original packages and medications
  • When hiking in the isolated fields, take ace bandage, tape, space blanket and bandages in the first aid kit.
  • For eye first aid kits, it should have the lens prescription, extra glasses in solid protective case and required medicines and solutions.
  • Extra medicines and prescriptions for the family members including children and other age-specific criteria over counter medicines.
  • Antibiotic
  • Diarrhea medication
  • Eye drops
  • Ear and nose drops
  • Insect repellent
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Latex gloves
  • Surgical mask
  • Gauze pads
  • Cotton swabs
  • Adhesive tape
  • Tongue depressors
  • Triangular bandage for a sling
  • Splint material
  • Instant heat and cold packs
  • Skin disinfectant spray
  • Cold and cough medicine

Food

It is a smart idea to prepare yourself and your family at the time of emergency that can save lives. To save food for emergency times and how to handle safe food practices is a significant part of preparing oneself to deal with the disasters. It can not only save a life but also prevent the foodborne illness in the event of natural disasters, accidents or terrorist attacks.

Preparing for Food Emergency

Get to know the risks of natural occurrence in your area that could become emergencies, such as winter storms and other winter hazards, tornadoes, earthquakes or landslides, power outages, floods and large-scale accidents such as chemical spills. Unfortunately, no country is immune to terrorism. Be aware of the dangers that could be presented by an intentional act and listen to the guidance from official authorities.

Food Safety Tips During Emergencies

  • Be very sure to have a careful inspection of all the food items
  • Do not eat the food that you consider to be unsafe. If you are in doubt, you should always make it a point to throw it out.
  • Check the food kept in your refrigerators or freezers. See if there is any sign of spoilage. You can ask the retailers and restaurant people to tell you how they have kept the food safe at the time of power failures.
  • Be aware of all bacteria and dangerous contaminations that may be fatal.
  • If the flood water has intruded inside and has contaminated the fresh meat and even packaged food, throw it off. Do the same in case of food contamination with snow, animal waste, chemicals, soil, dirt and other foreign materials coming from the outside environment.
  • Even when you see the food as dry, it is indeed not safe to use.
  • Always be cautious of the home canned foods kept in the glass containers, if contaminated with dangerous materials.
  • The food that is airtight sealed in containers can be considered safe. They can be the containers such as juice boxes, metal cans and the packages of frozen dry meals.
  • Before storing food, you should always clean and disinfect containers. The containers that are bulbous or damaged should be considered unsafe. You must throw them off.
  • You can clean the containers by washing them in the strong detergent solution. Always make all food preparing equipment, dishes, surfaces, and the utensils sanitize. Then you can immerse them in the solution made by mild bleach and water for about two minutes. To make the solution, you can take 5 ml or 1 tsp bleach in every 750 ml or 3 cups of water. After this, you can make them air dry to avoid possible contamination as you open the containers.
  • Keep your food in a refrigerator as it can keep perishable foods chilled temporarily.

Water

Water is one of the most essential nutrients for our living. Strictly from the point of view of survival, water is something that the person wants the most. The affected person may lose all the stored fat, carbohydrate and half of the total protein in the body without getting in actual danger.