The emergency childbirth of delivery of a child happens when no health care professional is available on the scene. It is very important for people around expecting mother to understand the normal process of labor and childbirth.
Labour is classified into three stages-
- This is the early part of labor. The mother should breathe slowly and deeply during contractions and frequent urination may help to relieve the uneasiness.
- Select a right place to deliver the baby that should be clean and peaceful. She can lie down or sit in leaning position supporting her back.
- As the contractions persist at regular intervals of 3-4 minutes, the mother reaches in the latter part of the first stage.
- The mother will make a deep grumble and moans with each contraction.
- Place a hand on the abdomen of the mother just above the umbilicus. With the contractions start off, you will feel a hardening ball. Time the interval from the moment the uterus starts to harden until it relaxes completely.
- If the mother is thirsty or hungry, give her small amounts of food or fruit juice.
- Don’t leave the mother alone and unattended.
- Do not wipe away the vaginal secretions as it can contaminate the birth canal.
- She may get panicked, cry or be in deep pain. The attendants around her should have a cheerful and encouraging appearance to calm her.
- The mother bears down with contractions of the womb to assist the baby through the birth canal to come out.
- Here, the contractions are different as the mother generally fells prone to push with them. The mother should take deep breaths with each contraction, hold her breath and push gently. She should take rest between contractions.
- The attendants should reassure the mother and get ready to offer first aid to both mother and baby. Also get sterile materials, clean towels or a blanket and other coverings under her.
- Prepare for delivery by helping the mother to lie on her back with her knees bent.
- As the baby’s head comes to the outlet of the birth canal, you can see it.
- The mother will feel a stretch or burn sensation. She should pant and not push to make the child come out gently and painlessly. Allow the head only to come between contractions.
- As the baby comes down the birth canal, continue massaging the perineum to make it red. Support the perineum and with other hand keep on pressing gently around the baby’s head with fingers.
- As the head of the baby is born, support it. Clean the face with a sterile washcloth.
- Check around the neck to see the cord at once. If you see it, hook it and pull it around the head of the baby.
- With hte next contractions, the rest of the body of the baby will come out.
- Raise the baa by little higher than the head to allow the fluid to come off from nose and mouth.
- The baby will breathe and cry immediately.
- The afterbirth is discharged by the womb in the few minutes to many hours after the baby is born.
- After bleeding, there can be more bleeding and blood clots.
- If the womb is soft, the baby should be furthered to nurse and the mother must encourage him to massage the womb gently.