First aid kit is the set of medicines and bandages to offer first aid in an emergency. They are the most essential part of our daily life as they help us to face accidents when you expect them least. The first aid kit has to be well kept, easy to access at home, office, school and in cars.
The first aid kits should include all the necessary tools required in an emergency. It can be used to treat a minor scrape on the knee or even to treat the victims of earthquakes, tornadoes, volcanoes, hurricanes etc. before the medical aid reaches. If you have all the necessary tools in your first aid kit, it may help you to handle the emergency. You should keep the first aid kits out of reach of the young kids.
Types of first aid kits
The types of first aid kits required in an emergency differ as per the situation. You can have the first aid kits in different sizes and shapes. They can range from the handy carry kits to the large ones required to deal out with many people.
Whether the first aid kits are purchased from a drug store or self-made, they must include all necessary items. First aid kits can be either bought from the market or can be made at home. You can either buy the first aid kit online or from the drug store. The prices of first aid kits range from about $10 for a basic kit or to $200 for the professional kit. You can even personalize your first aid kit with special prescriptions, emergency contact sheets, bandages and everything else that you may need.
You can also opt to make your own first aid kit. For this buy a lightweight, waterproof and handy container to keep the supplies. You can use the plastic tubs, tackle boxes and art supply boxes to make first-class kits.
First aid kits considerations
- As you go on to select the first aid kits, think about the situations that may affect you and cause injury. Ask yourself different questions to be able to design the ideal kit.
- Always remember to keep your first aid kit always updated.
- Keep checking always to make the kit well stocked. Make the kit using the most recent prescriptions and contact information. The medicines must not be expired.
- After you make the first aid kits, it is very important to go by the manual in order to make proper use of the contents. Always take the first aid kits on the biking, hiking, camping or boating tours.
Components of First Aid Kit
The first aid kit should have:
- Sterilized adhesive bandage
- Four or six two-inch and four-inch sterile gauze pads
- Hypo-allergenic adhesive tape
- Three triangular bandages
- Three rolls two-inch sterile roller bandages
- Three rolls three-inch sterile roller bandages
- Wet towelettes
- Two tongue blades
- Petroleum jelly tubes or lubricants
- Safety pins in different sizes
- Cleansing soap or agent
- Two pair latex gloves
- Prescription drugs
Earthquake is an unexpected and rapid shaking of Earth mainly due to the breakage and shifting of underneath layers. Earthquake strikes all of a sudden at any time of day or night and quite violently. It does not give you any warning. In case of a populated area, the earthquake can cause a huge loss in the amount of human life and property damage.
Effects of earthquake
The earthquake can make the buildings and bridges to fall, disrupt electricity, gas, and phone service. It can even further cause landslides, flash floods, avalanches, fires, and destructive ocean waves, also known as tsunamis. The buildings with unstable foundations, old watercourses, and other unsound structures are greatly at risk.
What to do to face earthquake
Although there is no guarantee of safety at the time of an earthquake, one can identify the potential risk before time. Planning beforehand can not only save your life but also of the people around you. If you face earthquake wisely and know what to do before, during and after an earthquake, you can significantly reduce injuries and damage of property.
Before the Earthquake
- Look for hazards in your home
- Tie the shelves firmly to the walls.
- Support the overhead light fittings.
- Repair the faulty electrical wiring and leaky gas links.
- Refurbish the deep cracks in ceilings or floor.
- Make a family emergency plan and educate yourself and your family members about the disaster by contacting the local emergency management authorities.
- Have disaster supplies at hand, such as, flashlight, batteries, portable radio, First aid kit, emergency food, water, non-electric can opener, medicines, cash, credit cards, shoes etc.
- Develop your emergency communication plan and practice it with your family.
- Make your out-of-state friend or relative your “family contact” in case of emergency.
- Work in your community to inform others with the knowledge you have and make hazard hunt programs and neighborhood emergency plans.
During the Earthquake
- Stay safe and minimize your movements and stay indoors till the shaking stops. The safe places can be under strong furniture, against inside wall, away from shelves and heavy furniture.
- When outdoors, stay in an open area, away from trees, buildings, telephone poles, electric lines, bridges, street lights or elevated freeways.
- If in a car, stop at a safe place. Do not stop near or under trees, buildings, bridges and service wires. Stay in the vehicle.
- If caught under debris, do not move, light match or kick up dust. Use a cloth to cover your mouth. Make sound so that the rescuers can locate you. Avoid shouting as it may cause you inhale dangerous dust.
After the Earthquake
- Be prepared for aftershocks.
- Listen to latest emergency information on the battery-operated radio or TV.
- Stay off from risky areas. Come back home when authorities tell you to.
- If in coastal areas, beware of possible tsunamis. If there is any such warning, stay away from the beach.
- Help the injured people especially the infants, elderly and disabled people. Give first aid when required.
- Do not move off seriously wounded people and call for help.
- Check for gas leaks, electric system damage, sewage, and water lines damage and call for professional help.