Non-Prescription Drugs

The non-prescription drugs are any drug that the patient buys and takes without the prescription of the doctor. They are also known as Over The Counter or OTC drugs or pain relievers medicine. They are in effect for seeking relief from mild and moderate pain. But, it is better not to assume that all the non-prescription drugs are safe and can be easily taken. The non-prescription drugs can have side effects with other medicines. Thus, it can cause many serious health problems.

Non-prescription pain relievers or drugs are analgesics. You can buy them from the local store or chemist store. They include aspirin, such as Ascriptin, Bufferin or Ecotrin; Acetaminophen, such as Anacin-3, Datril, Tylenol; and Ibuprofen, such as Advil, Motrin, Nuprin. Most of them are available in the market with different names. However, if you have a look at the labels and ascertain them, nearly all of them contain one of these three above mentioned medicines.

Some of the non-prescription drugs should be used only with the adults or the older children. You should be very sure to go through all the instructions on the package very carefully. If you are still in doubt, better ask a pharmacist before you give the medicine to an infant or a young child. In case of a pregnant patient, the patient herself or her helper should always check and make sure with the doctor or pharmacist about the effects of the medicine prior to using any of the non-prescription medicines.

It is seen in some cases that the patients believe that the nonprescription drugs are all they need to relieve from pain, particularly when you are on the top of the pain. Those who take these drugs on the regular and contraceptive basis, these drugs are strong analgesics as the most people actually realize.

A few doses of the prescription pain relievers taken by mouth cannot be that effective as compared to two or three usual tablets of Acetaminophen or Aspirin. Research says that for most people the normal dose of nonprescription pain relievers offers as much relief from pain as prescription drugs such as Darvon or Codeine. The patient feels that when they are having pain relief from the nonprescription drugs, what is the use of taking the prescription pain drugs?

Keep all the drugs, specially the non-prescription drugs out of reach of your children and pets. At the time of discarding the drugs, be very sure to dispose of them completely, somewhere they cannot be found back.

It is also possible that for most people, the nonprescription pain reliever drugs have few side effects than the prescription pain drugs. Know about them before you take the medicine.

Some common non-prescription medications include:

  • Antacids and acid reducers
  • Activated charcoal
  • Anti Acne drugs
  • Analgesics
  • Anti-diarrheals
  • Anti-Hemorrhoid Drugs
  • Anti-Histamines
  • Antiseptics
  • Bulking agents and laxatives
  • Cold and allergy remedies
  • Cough suppressants
  • Decongestants
  • Expectorants
  • Laxative
  • Non-steroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs
  • Pain relievers
  • Smoking Cessation
  • Vasodilators

Mission Statement

An emergency is a situation that gets a person in a bad, dangerous and helpless situation. It may cost human life and loss of money and property. Thus, it is very important to stay prepared to face the emergencies. Preparing for emergencies is not difficult. What is important is to have the right knowledge to understand the state of emergency and stay vigilant. Our mission statement works with the above objectives-To make the mankind prepared and ready to face come what may.

Knowledge is power. To know what to do at the time of an emergency can be life-saving not only for you but also for many others whom you may help. Our mission statement is to make sure that the preparation of the citizens and right equipment of the personnel to meet the needs of dealing with the emergency.

Our priority is to help the individuals with our genuine and practical information and disaster management tips of use during the times of natural or man-made disaster. It has to be in the way that the best quality and cost-effective methods can be devised to lessen the loss of life and property in our community.

Our mission statement here is to offer you natural disaster guides, preparedness guides, human action guides and guide for surviving an economic collapse. We are hereby providing information that may work to the aid of people affected by the intricate emergencies. The following information about preparing for emergencies is intended to help everyone who may face these emergencies and should tackle them successfully.

Our objectives with the guide of Preparing for Emergencies is –

  • Inform the citizens about the natural or man-made disasters or hazards they may face.
  • Offer help and guidance to make them prepare for an emergency plan for themselves and their family.
  • Inform them about a right procedure required to be observed in the case of an emergency.
  • Make them confident enough to not be panicked or to create panic in such situations.

We offer here detailed information about the types of disaster, such as an earthquake, tornado, flood, water damage, hail, wildfire, hurricane, winter freeze, lightning or volcano and how to face them in an emergency. You will read here about the tools required to be prepared for emergencies such as first aid kit, chemical, bleeding, emergency, childbirth, epilepsy, respiratory emergencies, electric shock, psychological first aid, poison and also the problems that may arise in such situations such as diarrhea, burns, hypothermia, broken bones, choking or sprains. There are also other sections that include information on food storage, top food tips, and several other useful emergency tips.

No one welcomes disasters or emergencies but to be ready for the emergency, before it happens by proper planning, is important. We uphold this idea in our mission statement. Preparing for emergencies should initiate with the individual, go over to the family and further to the society.

Flood

Flood is one of the most common hazards in the United States and other parts of the world. The effects of flood may be local to a neighborhood or community. If it casts a large impact, the whole river basin and multiple states can be affected. Each state is at risk due to this hazard.

All floods are not the same. Some floods take time to develop and at times they may take just a few days time. Flash floods may build up quickly even without any noticeable signs of rain. They have a grave wall of loud water-bearing rocks, mud, and debris carrying along. Flooding is also caused by dam breaking and causing the effects like flash floods.

You should be cautious of a flood, no matter where you live. Be especially alert, if you reside in low lying areas or near water or downstream from a dam. The small gullies, streams, culverts, creeks, streambeds can also flood.

Before the Flood

  • Do not build the floodplain except you may elevate and support your home.
  • Lift up the water heater, electric board, furnace if they are liable to flood.
  • Install the check valves in sewer holes to put off flood water from clogging in the drains in or near your home.
  • Make barriers to block off floodwater from flowing in the building.

During the Flood

  • Listen to the radio or television for information.
  • Turn off all the utilities when instructed to do so and also otherwise.
  • Do not touch the electric equipment being wet or standing in water.
  • Do not walk by the moving water because six inches of flowing water can make you fall. If you really need to walk in water, go where water is not flowing. You can take a stick to ensure the firmness of the ground in your front.
  • While driving, do not go in the flooded areas. If you get caught in floodwaters, you should leave your car and if you can, take refuge to high ground.
  • Be alert of streams, canyons, drainage channels, and other areas where flood is possible. These are the areas where a flood can happen suddenly without prior alert or even rain.

After a Flood

  • Listen to news reports and know whether the water supply of your community is safe to drink.
  • Do not face the floodwaters as it may be dirty with oil or sewage. It may even be charged electrically from the drowned power lines.
  • Do not enter the areas where the floodwaters have affected. The roads can be weak and can collapse due to the weight of the car.
  • Come back home only when authorities tell you to do so.
  • Clean and sterilize everything that got drowned in the flood water. The mud left in the floodwater can have sewage and chemicals that can be very dangerous.

Tornado

Tornado is one of the most violent storms on earth. A tornado looks like a rotating and funnel shape cloud. It expands from the thunderstorm to the ground by way of whirling winds reaching about 300 miles per hour. The damage path can move on to one mile wide and 50 miles long. A tornado may strike quickly with small or no warning.

Understanding Tornado

A tornado may appear almost transparent till it picks up the dust and debris or a cloud makes up in the funnel. On an average, a tornado moves Southwest to Northeast, but it may move from any direction. Tornadoes are followed by tropical storms and hurricanes as they move on land. The tornadoes made over water are called Waterspouts.

Most frequently, tornadoes are accounted in the east of Rocky Mountains in the spring and summer months. March is the high tornado season in southern states and ranges through May. In the northern states, the time of tornado is late spring by early summer. It is likely for tornadoes to occur between 3 p.m. and 9 p.m. Tornadoes can cause victims and losses. It may devastate your neighborhood in a few seconds.

Preparing for Tornado

  • Look for the approaching storms. Before the tornado hits, the wind may stop blowing. You may see a cloud of debris marking the location of the tornado. Tornadoes may happen close to the trailing edge of a thunderstorm.
  • The sky becomes dark and often greenish. You may see clear and sunlit sky behind the tornado.
  • Tornado has a loud roar, almost like a freight train.
  • Listen to weather radio or commercial radio or television for the latest information about the tornado.
  • As you see the approaching tornado, immediately be prepared to take shelter.
  • Take cover and stay off from windows, doors, walls and open space.
  • Protect your self from falling debris.
  • If in a vehicle, get out at once and take shelter in a substantial structure.
  • If you do not find any shelter, you may lie flat in a nearby ditch with your hands covering your head.

What to do throughout a Tornado

  • Reach to basement or storm cellar or the last level of a building.
  • You can also go to the inner hallway or the little small room with no windows.
  • Do not go near the windows.
  • Get under the piece of strong furniture.
  • Cover your head and neck with your arms.
  • When in a mobile home, you should move out and take your shelter somewhere else.

What to do after a Tornado

  • After the tornado, you may see much debris. Take care of your safety.
  • Listen to radio or television to have the recent emergency information.
  • Help the injured and trapped persons. Give them first aid and don’t try to move in the seriously injured.
  • Keep your way off the damaged buildings.
  • Come back home when authorities declare that it is safe.
  • Use the telephone only in an emergency.
  • Clean spilled medicines, gasoline or any sort of flammable liquids.
  • Leave the building if you smell gas or any chemical fume.

Supplies to face Tornado

  • Flashlight with extra batteries
  • Handy, battery-operated radio with additional batteries
  • First aid kit and manual
  • Emergency water and food
  • Non-electric can opener
  • Important medicines
  • Cash
  • Credit cards
  • Tough shoes

Water

Water is one of the most essential nutrients for our living. Strictly from the point of view of survival, water is something that the person wants the most. The affected person may lose all the stored fat, carbohydrate and half of the total protein in the body without getting in actual danger.

Earthquake

Earthquake is an unexpected and rapid shaking of Earth mainly due to the breakage and shifting of underneath layers. Earthquake strikes all of a sudden at any time of day or night and quite violently. It does not give you any warning. In case of a populated area, the earthquake can cause a huge loss in the amount of human life and property damage.

Effects of earthquake

The earthquake can make the buildings and bridges to fall, disrupt electricity, gas, and phone service. It can even further cause landslides, flash floods, avalanches, fires, and destructive ocean waves, also known as tsunamis. The buildings with unstable foundations, old watercourses, and other unsound structures are greatly at risk.

What to do to face earthquake

Although there is no guarantee of safety at the time of an earthquake, one can identify the potential risk before time. Planning beforehand can not only save your life but also of the people around you. If you face earthquake wisely and know what to do before, during and after an earthquake, you can significantly reduce injuries and damage of property.

Before the Earthquake

  • Look for hazards in your home
  • Tie the shelves firmly to the walls.
  • Support the overhead light fittings.
  • Repair the faulty electrical wiring and leaky gas links.
  • Refurbish the deep cracks in ceilings or floor.
  • Make a family emergency plan and educate yourself and your family members about the disaster by contacting the local emergency management authorities.
  • Have disaster supplies at hand, such as, flashlight, batteries, portable radio, First aid kit, emergency food, water, non-electric can opener, medicines, cash, credit cards, shoes etc.
  • Develop your emergency communication plan and practice it with your family.
  • Make your out-of-state friend or relative your “family contact” in case of emergency.
  • Work in your community to inform others with the knowledge you have and make hazard hunt programs and neighborhood emergency plans.

During the Earthquake

  • Stay safe and minimize your movements and stay indoors till the shaking stops. The safe places can be under strong furniture, against inside wall, away from shelves and heavy furniture.
  • When outdoors, stay in an open area, away from trees, buildings, telephone poles, electric lines, bridges, street lights or elevated freeways.
  • If in a car, stop at a safe place. Do not stop near or under trees, buildings, bridges and service wires. Stay in the vehicle.
  • If caught under debris, do not move, light match or kick up dust. Use a cloth to cover your mouth. Make sound so that the rescuers can locate you. Avoid shouting as it may cause you inhale dangerous dust.

After the Earthquake

  • Be prepared for aftershocks.
  • Listen to latest emergency information on the battery-operated radio or TV.
  • Stay off from risky areas. Come back home when authorities tell you to.
  • If in coastal areas, beware of possible tsunamis. If there is any such warning, stay away from the beach.
  • Help the injured people especially the infants, elderly and disabled people. Give first aid when required.
  • Do not move off seriously wounded people and call for help.
  • Check for gas leaks, electric system damage, sewage, and water lines damage and call for professional help.