Tornado is one of the most violent storms on earth. A tornado looks like a rotating and funnel shape cloud. It expands from the thunderstorm to the ground by way of whirling winds reaching about 300 miles per hour. The damage path can move on to one mile wide and 50 miles long. A tornado may strike quickly with small or no warning.

Understanding Tornado

A tornado may appear almost transparent till it picks up the dust and debris or a cloud makes up in the funnel. On an average, a tornado moves Southwest to Northeast, but it may move from any direction. Tornadoes are followed by tropical storms and hurricanes as they move on land. The tornadoes made over water are called Waterspouts.

Most frequently, tornadoes are accounted in the east of Rocky Mountains in the spring and summer months. March is the high tornado season in southern states and ranges through May. In the northern states, the time of tornado is late spring by early summer. It is likely for tornadoes to occur between 3 p.m. and 9 p.m. Tornadoes can cause victims and losses. It may devastate your neighborhood in a few seconds.

Preparing for Tornado

  • Look for the approaching storms. Before the tornado hits, the wind may stop blowing. You may see a cloud of debris marking the location of the tornado. Tornadoes may happen close to the trailing edge of a thunderstorm.
  • The sky becomes dark and often greenish. You may see clear and sunlit sky behind the tornado.
  • Tornado has a loud roar, almost like a freight train.
  • Listen to weather radio or commercial radio or television for the latest information about the tornado.
  • As you see the approaching tornado, immediately be prepared to take shelter.
  • Take cover and stay off from windows, doors, walls and open space.
  • Protect your self from falling debris.
  • If in a vehicle, get out at once and take shelter in a substantial structure.
  • If you do not find any shelter, you may lie flat in a nearby ditch with your hands covering your head.

What to do throughout a Tornado

  • Reach to basement or storm cellar or the last level of a building.
  • You can also go to the inner hallway or the little small room with no windows.
  • Do not go near the windows.
  • Get under the piece of strong furniture.
  • Cover your head and neck with your arms.
  • When in a mobile home, you should move out and take your shelter somewhere else.

What to do after a Tornado

  • After the tornado, you may see much debris. Take care of your safety.
  • Listen to radio or television to have the recent emergency information.
  • Help the injured and trapped persons. Give them first aid and don’t try to move in the seriously injured.
  • Keep your way off the damaged buildings.
  • Come back home when authorities declare that it is safe.
  • Use the telephone only in an emergency.
  • Clean spilled medicines, gasoline or any sort of flammable liquids.
  • Leave the building if you smell gas or any chemical fume.

Supplies to face Tornado

  • Flashlight with extra batteries
  • Handy, battery-operated radio with additional batteries
  • First aid kit and manual
  • Emergency water and food
  • Non-electric can opener
  • Important medicines
  • Cash
  • Credit cards
  • Tough shoes

First Aid Kit

First aid kit is the set of medicines and bandages to offer first aid in an emergency. They are the most essential part of our daily life as they help us to face accidents when you expect them least. The first aid kit has to be well kept, easy to access at home, office, school and in cars.

The first aid kits should include all the necessary tools required in an emergency. It can be used to treat a minor scrape on the knee or even to treat the victims of earthquakes, tornadoes, volcanoes, hurricanes etc. before the medical aid reaches. If you have all the necessary tools in your first aid kit, it may help you to handle the emergency. You should keep the first aid kits out of reach of the young kids.

Types of first aid kits

The types of first aid kits required in an emergency differ as per the situation. You can have the first aid kits in different sizes and shapes. They can range from the handy carry kits to the large ones required to deal out with many people.

Whether the first aid kits are purchased from a drug store or self-made, they must include all necessary items. First aid kits can be either bought from the market or can be made at home. You can either buy the first aid kit online or from the drug store. The prices of first aid kits range from about $10 for a basic kit or to $200 for the professional kit. You can even personalize your first aid kit with special prescriptions, emergency contact sheets, bandages and everything else that you may need.

You can also opt to make your own first aid kit. For this buy a lightweight, waterproof and handy container to keep the supplies. You can use the plastic tubs, tackle boxes and art supply boxes to make first-class kits.

First aid kits considerations

  • As you go on to select the first aid kits, think about the situations that may affect you and cause injury. Ask yourself different questions to be able to design the ideal kit.
  • Always remember to keep your first aid kit always updated.
  • Keep checking always to make the kit well stocked. Make the kit using the most recent prescriptions and contact information. The medicines must not be expired.
  • After you make the first aid kits, it is very important to go by the manual in order to make proper use of the contents. Always take the first aid kits on the biking, hiking, camping or boating tours.

Components of First Aid Kit

The first aid kit should have:

  • Sterilized adhesive bandage
  • Four or six two-inch and four-inch sterile gauze pads
  • Hypo-allergenic adhesive tape
  • Three triangular bandages
  • Three rolls two-inch sterile roller bandages
  • Three rolls three-inch sterile roller bandages
  • Scissors
  • Needle
  • Tweezers
  • Wet towelettes
  • Thermometer
  • Antiseptics
  • Two tongue blades
  • Petroleum jelly tubes or lubricants
  • Safety pins in different sizes
  • Cleansing soap or agent
  • Two pair latex gloves
  • Sunscreen
  • Prescription drugs


Water is one of the most essential nutrients for our living. Strictly from the point of view of survival, water is something that the person wants the most. The affected person may lose all the stored fat, carbohydrate and half of the total protein in the body without getting in actual danger.

Grains & Legumes

Grains & legumes are packed with nutrients. They are healthy food that are enough to meet the growing baby needs for each and every part of the body. Grains & legumes foods provide a lot of energy for the development of your baby and help to build the placenta, with other tissues.

Properties of Grains & legumes

Let us tell you some more about the ingredients and properties of grains and legumes, one by one:


  • Grains are whole wheat, barley, oats, corn, soy, rice etc and legumes are dried beans and peas, especially the B vitamins such as B1, B2, and Niacin.
  • They provide vitamins, carbohydrates, minerals, and other substances that are vital for your good health.
  • Grains are a good source of magnesium, potassium, and calcium.
  • They are the good source of chromium that is very important to maintain the normal glucose tolerance
  • Most of them have lots of fiber. You require the consumption of 20 to 35 grams of fiber in a day to help the prevention of constipation and hemorrhoids. Always be sure to be in search for the whole grains. You can get whole grain in brown bread, brown rice, etc. the products that are tagged enriched or refined are not that advantageous for you or for the growing babies.
  • Whole grains are constituted of a store of rich starch or the endosperm. It is made from about 60 to 80% of the seed and depends on the grain’s species and variety. With 80% carbohydrate, the seeds are an outstanding fuel for the daily activities of your body. The whole seeds have the B1 vitamin significant for the carbohydrate metabolism.
  • Grains comparatively burn slow and thus they do not need any push up for the blood sugar levels.


  • Legumes are an extremely good source of protein. For example, peanuts with 25%, Lentils with 25%, Cowpeas with 23-35%, Common beans with 22%.
  • Legumes are low in amino acids such as methionine and cystine. They are significantly high in amino acid lysine, which is low in grains
  • Legumes are high in dissolvable fiber. They are lentils, black beans, and pinto beans.
  • For the insoluble fiber too, the legumes are an excellent source. The ingredient of fiber in legumes tells about the digestion of carbohydrates that regulates the levels of blood sugar.

Culinary ideas for Grains & Legumes:

  • While cooking, grains & legumes should be simmered and not boiled.
  • As you cook the grains properly by simmering, they get comparatively dry and fluffy and have a nutlike flavor.
  • Add any acidic liquid, like citrus juice at the time of final cooking to not to make them tough.
  • To keep the content of fat low or in control in recipes that have grains and legumes, you should add only some little amounts of high-fat ingredients.