First Aid

To make first aid kit is very important as it comes handy at the time of emergency. It is the complete set of medicines and bandages that provides you first aid in an emergency. The first aid kit has to be very well kept and should be very easy to be accessed at the time of emergency.

The first aid kit to be used at the time of emergency should have all the important tools that are required at the time of emergency. You should be able to use it at the time when disasters strike as tornadoes, earthquakes, hurricanes, volcanoes etc and any other kind of emergency, before one can actually use the medical aid.

Be very sure to keep your first aid kit in a safe and secure location. It should be well accessed after the strike of the emergency situation. Your job does not end as you make a first aid kit for yourself. There are some more jobs too to be done by you. You have to rotate all the first aid supplies in the kit to keep all of them new and fresh. You have to be especially very sure when the first aid kit is kept in your vehicle. This is mainly due to the reason that the exposure to heat may make the shelf life of the first aid supplies short.

We recommend here that you bring your first aid supplies up to date twice in a year. One basic rule of thumb is that you should refresh the kits quite often. Check for damaged bandages, expired medicines, ointments, syrups or creams and replace them at once.

The basic ingredients for the first aid at the time of emergency is –

  • Band-Aids
  • Antiseptic soap or alcohol preps or wipes
  • Antibiotic creams and ointment
  • Skin ointments
  • Tweezers
  • Moleskin
  • Ace bandages
  • Plastic bandages
  • Adhesive bandages
  • Extra large plastic bandages
  • Fingertip bandages
  • Butterfly bandages
  • Sterile bandage rolls
  • Spray bottle with bleach solution to disinfect
  • A thermometer in a strong case
  • Non-Aspirin pain reliever
  • Medicines for diseases like cold and diarrhea
  • Prescriptions in original packages and medications
  • When hiking in the isolated fields, take ace bandage, tape, space blanket and bandages in the first aid kit.
  • For eye first aid kits, it should have the lens prescription, extra glasses in solid protective case and required medicines and solutions.
  • Extra medicines and prescriptions for the family members including children and other age-specific criteria over counter medicines.
  • Antibiotic
  • Diarrhea medication
  • Eye drops
  • Ear and nose drops
  • Insect repellent
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Latex gloves
  • Surgical mask
  • Gauze pads
  • Cotton swabs
  • Adhesive tape
  • Tongue depressors
  • Triangular bandage for a sling
  • Splint material
  • Instant heat and cold packs
  • Skin disinfectant spray
  • Cold and cough medicine

Psychological First Aid

Psychological first aid helps the people to improve their mental or physical performance at the time of normal activities. Particularly during the extremely hazardous conditions and in the hostile situations, this type of first aid is of great help.

The psychological first aid is almost as normal and fair as the physical first aid. The natural feelings and understanding attitude is very important to help the injured person. It offers a helping hand and support to the one who is in distress. In fact, the concept of psychological first aid is nothing but to assist the people with emotional crisis resulting from disease, physical injury or undue stress. To deal with the emotional distress is not that easy as it is not visible just like a wound or a broken hand is.

Psychological first aid is something that is most required at the first sign when the person has a lot of distress and a blurred self-concept and self-reliance. The case becomes grave in civilian disasters, such as terrorist attacks, floods, tornadoes, hurricanes, earthquakes etc. Most of the emotional reactions to these situations are temporary. The person can carry on in life with support and encouragement.

Psychological first aid v/s physical first aid

Psychological first aid and physical first aid are actually complementary to each other. The case of a physical injury brings in the possibility of the psychological injury. The physical injury and the circumstances that follow it can actually make a severe emotional crisis that can be probably graver than the physical injury.

Objectives of Psychological First Aid

  • Be supportive and help the person in coping with his stress.
  • Prevent and necessary control the harmful behavior to him and others.
  • Return the person to his or her normal routine after dealing with a stress reaction.

How to give Psychological First Aid

  • Take immediate action and be direct and authoritative to help the person in dealing with the crisis situation. The sooner you act, the better are the chances to restore the equilibrium.
  • Keep the focus of the interference on an impulsive situation to accept that there is a crisis situation. It helps the person to express the facts of the situation and also his or her feelings.
  • Give the most realistic and accurate information about the situation as to what has happened and what are the expected results.
  • Do not give delusive assurance to the patient. It is better to be realistic and honest. It is indeed important to give them a sense of hope and expectation that he or she will get over the crisis ultimately.
  • Identify the importance of taking action and a final outcome that the person may take.
  • Give emotional support to the patient and make a complete group of supporters that may offer support and temporary aid at the time of the crisis.