A Hurricane is a tropical cyclone, a low pressure system that usually builds in the tropical. The typical cyclone comes with thunderstorms and a counterclockwise spread of winds near the surface of the earth.
Facts about Hurricane
Hurricanes can make far-flung torrential rains. The coastal areas of the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico are subjugated to hurricanes. Some areas of the Southwest United States and Pacific Coast receive heavy rains and floods each year from the hurricanes. The Atlantic hurricane season is in the month of June to November. The high season ranges from mid August to the late October month.
Hurricanes are able to cause huge damage to the coastal areas and hundreds of miles of inland. Winds can blow more than the speed of 155 miles per hour. Hurricanes can also bring tornadoes, microbursts and storm surges near the coast. It can cause huge damage due to heavy rainfall.
Categories of Hurricane
Hurricanes are classified into five categories. They are based on wind speed, pressure and potential to do damage.
Hurricanes in Categories One and Two are very dangerous. They can warrant you the full attention.
Hurricanes in Category Three are termed as major hurricanes by trade winds that blow towards opposing directions that make the storm spin. The rising warm air makes the pressure to reduce at the higher altitudes.
Here is how you can face the Hurricane, taking the following measures-
Before a Hurricane
- Have a secured property with permanent storm shutters. They are the best way to have protection.
- Board the windows of your home with marine plywood. It must be fit to size and ready to install. The tape may not prevent the windows from collapsing.
- Install the straps with extra clips to fasten the roof to building structure firmly and securely. It will minimize the chances of roof damage.
- Be sure to trim the trees and shrubs around your home properly.
- Do not allow the loose downspouts and rain gutters to clog.
- Make sure how you can make your boat safe.
During a Hurricane
- Stay updated with the latest information through the radio or TV.
- Be safe in your home and close the storm shutters. Stay away from the windows and glass doors.
- Make your outdoor objects secure.
- Turn off all the utilities on the authorities’ instructions.
- Turn the propane tanks off.
- Do not use the phone until it is serious.
- Keep enough water for sanitary purposes in a bathtub or some big containers.
- Evacuate immediately when the local authorities tell you to. Follow all their instructions.
- Never stay in mobile home high-rise buildings, on the coast, floodplain, near a river
- If there is a risk to evacuate, try to find a safe refuge.
After a Hurricane
- Return home but with great caution.
- Check for the injuries around you.
- Do not move seriously injured persons and call for help. Still, while moving injured people first make their neck and back steady.
- Keep the battery operated radio with you and listen to all emergency and news updates.
- Keep safe from dangerous wildlife and other animals
- Stay indoors.
- While going out look for fallen objects, such as electrical wires, heavy objects, open ditches or walls, weak bridges or roads.
Natural disaster guide is to provide useful disaster safety information to the general public and make them prepared for the emergency. The users of the guide can be meteorologists, disaster educators, emergency managers, media public relations officer, teachers, mitigation specialists, and other. Use the natural disaster guides’ tips as it suits your country and its landscape.
The natural disaster guides hereby include all the relevant action and awareness messages that are made specifically to help the people. Using the guide, the people can reduce their chances of injury or loss in the course of the natural and man-made disasters.
There are awareness messages that offer general information related to the threats offered by the particular type of disaster. The action messages describe the plan of action and tell the people about what they should do in order to prepare themselves. Detailed explanations are made in simple and straightforward language to tell people how to do it.
To be prepared to face the emergency of natural disasters, you should also know what are the different natural disasters that can strike you.
A hurricane is a cyclone that develops mainly in the tropical areas. It generally has a minimum wind speed of 74 miles per hour approximately. The wind revolves in the counterclockwise direction about the center of the storm. In the case of an intense hurricane, the wind can go more than 150 mph with blows more than 200 mph outside the center of the storm. At the time of a tornado, you may move to a small interior room at the low side of the floor of a building that is quite safe from the hurricane. For more safety tips, please read our complete section on Hurricanes.
The tornadoes occur over land and can be characterized by a funnel shape cloud that extends towards the ground. The force winds of tornadoes may gust to over 200 mph. It can cause extensive and substantial damage to the buildings. The wind blows to about 150 mph and can destroy many houses altogether. These attacking winds can topple several trees that may fall on the houses and may disrupt the electrical services of the area. The tornadoes force winds may even create a dangerous barrage from the metal siding, roof material, and furniture kept at outdoors. The basic rule that goes for safety from destructive winds of tornado is similar to the ones for safety from tornadoes. For more safety tips, please read our complete section on tornadoes.
The general tips from natural disaster guides :
- More and more information about the natural disasters that may strike in your area.
- Get Know about the hazards and emergencies that may arise from natural disasters and how it can affect you and your family.
- Make an emergency plan according to the information you get.
- Collect all the things important to make for a disaster supplies kit.
- Decide where to get shelter from the natural disaster.
- Make out the community warning systems and announcement of evacuation routes.
- Know what you can do for the particular disasters.
- Practice and maintain your plan accordingly.
Psychological first aid helps the people to improve their mental or physical performance at the time of normal activities. Particularly during the extremely hazardous conditions and in the hostile situations, this type of first aid is of great help.
The psychological first aid is almost as normal and fair as the physical first aid. The natural feelings and understanding attitude is very important to help the injured person. It offers a helping hand and support to the one who is in distress. In fact, the concept of psychological first aid is nothing but to assist the people with emotional crisis resulting from disease, physical injury or undue stress. To deal with the emotional distress is not that easy as it is not visible just like a wound or a broken hand is.
Psychological first aid is something that is most required at the first sign when the person has a lot of distress and a blurred self-concept and self-reliance. The case becomes grave in civilian disasters, such as terrorist attacks, floods, tornadoes, hurricanes, earthquakes etc. Most of the emotional reactions to these situations are temporary. The person can carry on in life with support and encouragement.
Psychological first aid v/s physical first aid
Psychological first aid and physical first aid are actually complementary to each other. The case of a physical injury brings in the possibility of the psychological injury. The physical injury and the circumstances that follow it can actually make a severe emotional crisis that can be probably graver than the physical injury.
Objectives of Psychological First Aid
- Be supportive and help the person in coping with his stress.
- Prevent and necessary control the harmful behavior to him and others.
- Return the person to his or her normal routine after dealing with a stress reaction.
How to give Psychological First Aid
- Take immediate action and be direct and authoritative to help the person in dealing with the crisis situation. The sooner you act, the better are the chances to restore the equilibrium.
- Keep the focus of the interference on an impulsive situation to accept that there is a crisis situation. It helps the person to express the facts of the situation and also his or her feelings.
- Give the most realistic and accurate information about the situation as to what has happened and what are the expected results.
- Do not give delusive assurance to the patient. It is better to be realistic and honest. It is indeed important to give them a sense of hope and expectation that he or she will get over the crisis ultimately.
- Identify the importance of taking action and a final outcome that the person may take.
- Give emotional support to the patient and make a complete group of supporters that may offer support and temporary aid at the time of the crisis.