Hail comes in existence when updrafts in thunderclouds take the raindrops up towards the extremely cold areas in the atmosphere. They freeze and combine forming the lumps of ice. As the lumps be very heavy and are not supported by the updraft, they fall off with the speeds of about 100 km per hour or more. Hail is created an enormous cloud, also called as thunderheads.
Hail is very dangerous as it can cause panoptical damage in just a few minutes. Hail may or may not predate a tornado. Large hail can appear nearby the area in the thunderstorm. The tornadoes are quite likely to build in such area. The large hail begins to fall off and then one can assume that the tornado may also be nearby. After the hail stops, one should live in the safe area until the storm passes off. It is generally 15 to 30 minutes after the hail breaks off.
Facts about Hail
The season of hail in Colorado is March to October. Majority falls in May month to August. June month has high statewide regularity and Fort Collins has hail most ofttimes in May. The largest size of hail falls in July and August months. Hail primarily happens in afternoon or evening in Colorado. Most of the harsh hailstorms take place between 1:00 p.m. and 9:00 p.m.
The median duration is about 6 minutes and on rare occasions, hailstorms last for more than 15 minutes. Large hail is larger than ¾ inches in diameter. Deep Hail is hail that has amassed a foot deep or more and is flowing. The common size for hail is 1 to 1 ½ inches in diameter. In Colorado, the most common size for hail is 1/4″. The greatest recognized hailstone of 5 ½ inches in diameter fell in Kansas and weighed about 2 pounds.
What to do in hailstorms to avoid personal injury or property damage
- When in a car, stand back from the car windows. Cover your eyes. Get on the floor with your face down. Lay down on your seat with back towards the windows. Cover your small children under you and cover their eyes.
- When in the home or any building, stay inside. Don’t go inside the basement or the windows. They can especially be struck due to hail. Take care of all your family members, fellow occupants, pets, etc. you must not go outside for any reason.
- Move all the weak items such as equipment, cars, and machinery in shelter as hail threatens. Take care that such action does not create any risk for you.
- If you are caught outdoor, keep all the chances of injury to yourself only. You may crouch down and protect your head and neck completely.
- Protect your pets and the livestock.
- Do not use telephones and electrical appliances at the time of dangerous storm to avoid the danger of burning due to lightning.
- Keep off from the areas struck with deep hail.
- Stay away from culverts and plain areas to keep away from being swept away by deep hail.
Tornado is one of the most violent storms on earth. A tornado looks like a rotating and funnel shape cloud. It expands from the thunderstorm to the ground by way of whirling winds reaching about 300 miles per hour. The damage path can move on to one mile wide and 50 miles long. A tornado may strike quickly with small or no warning.
A tornado may appear almost transparent till it picks up the dust and debris or a cloud makes up in the funnel. On an average, a tornado moves Southwest to Northeast, but it may move from any direction. Tornadoes are followed by tropical storms and hurricanes as they move on land. The tornadoes made over water are called Waterspouts.
Most frequently, tornadoes are accounted in the east of Rocky Mountains in the spring and summer months. March is the high tornado season in southern states and ranges through May. In the northern states, the time of tornado is late spring by early summer. It is likely for tornadoes to occur between 3 p.m. and 9 p.m. Tornadoes can cause victims and losses. It may devastate your neighborhood in a few seconds.
Preparing for Tornado
- Look for the approaching storms. Before the tornado hits, the wind may stop blowing. You may see a cloud of debris marking the location of the tornado. Tornadoes may happen close to the trailing edge of a thunderstorm.
- The sky becomes dark and often greenish. You may see clear and sunlit sky behind the tornado.
- Tornado has a loud roar, almost like a freight train.
- Listen to weather radio or commercial radio or television for the latest information about the tornado.
- As you see the approaching tornado, immediately be prepared to take shelter.
- Take cover and stay off from windows, doors, walls and open space.
- Protect your self from falling debris.
- If in a vehicle, get out at once and take shelter in a substantial structure.
- If you do not find any shelter, you may lie flat in a nearby ditch with your hands covering your head.
What to do throughout a Tornado
- Reach to basement or storm cellar or the last level of a building.
- You can also go to the inner hallway or the little small room with no windows.
- Do not go near the windows.
- Get under the piece of strong furniture.
- Cover your head and neck with your arms.
- When in a mobile home, you should move out and take your shelter somewhere else.
What to do after a Tornado
- After the tornado, you may see much debris. Take care of your safety.
- Listen to radio or television to have the recent emergency information.
- Help the injured and trapped persons. Give them first aid and don’t try to move in the seriously injured.
- Keep your way off the damaged buildings.
- Come back home when authorities declare that it is safe.
- Use the telephone only in an emergency.
- Clean spilled medicines, gasoline or any sort of flammable liquids.
- Leave the building if you smell gas or any chemical fume.
Supplies to face Tornado
- Flashlight with extra batteries
- Handy, battery-operated radio with additional batteries
- First aid kit and manual
- Emergency water and food
- Non-electric can opener
- Important medicines
- Credit cards
- Tough shoes
First aid kit is the set of medicines and bandages to offer first aid in an emergency. They are the most essential part of our daily life as they help us to face accidents when you expect them least. The first aid kit has to be well kept, easy to access at home, office, school and in cars.
The first aid kits should include all the necessary tools required in an emergency. It can be used to treat a minor scrape on the knee or even to treat the victims of earthquakes, tornadoes, volcanoes, hurricanes etc. before the medical aid reaches. If you have all the necessary tools in your first aid kit, it may help you to handle the emergency. You should keep the first aid kits out of reach of the young kids.
Types of first aid kits
The types of first aid kits required in an emergency differ as per the situation. You can have the first aid kits in different sizes and shapes. They can range from the handy carry kits to the large ones required to deal out with many people.
Whether the first aid kits are purchased from a drug store or self-made, they must include all necessary items. First aid kits can be either bought from the market or can be made at home. You can either buy the first aid kit online or from the drug store. The prices of first aid kits range from about $10 for a basic kit or to $200 for the professional kit. You can even personalize your first aid kit with special prescriptions, emergency contact sheets, bandages and everything else that you may need.
You can also opt to make your own first aid kit. For this buy a lightweight, waterproof and handy container to keep the supplies. You can use the plastic tubs, tackle boxes and art supply boxes to make first-class kits.
First aid kits considerations
- As you go on to select the first aid kits, think about the situations that may affect you and cause injury. Ask yourself different questions to be able to design the ideal kit.
- Always remember to keep your first aid kit always updated.
- Keep checking always to make the kit well stocked. Make the kit using the most recent prescriptions and contact information. The medicines must not be expired.
- After you make the first aid kits, it is very important to go by the manual in order to make proper use of the contents. Always take the first aid kits on the biking, hiking, camping or boating tours.
Components of First Aid Kit
The first aid kit should have:
- Sterilized adhesive bandage
- Four or six two-inch and four-inch sterile gauze pads
- Hypo-allergenic adhesive tape
- Three triangular bandages
- Three rolls two-inch sterile roller bandages
- Three rolls three-inch sterile roller bandages
- Wet towelettes
- Two tongue blades
- Petroleum jelly tubes or lubricants
- Safety pins in different sizes
- Cleansing soap or agent
- Two pair latex gloves
- Prescription drugs