Natural Disaster Guides

Natural disaster guide is to provide useful disaster safety information to the general public and make them prepared for the emergency. The users of the guide can be meteorologists, disaster educators, emergency managers, media public relations officer, teachers, mitigation specialists, and other. Use the natural disaster guides’ tips as it suits your country and its landscape.

The natural disaster guides hereby include all the relevant action and awareness messages that are made specifically to help the people. Using the guide, the people can reduce their chances of injury or loss in the course of the natural and man-made disasters.

There are awareness messages that offer general information related to the threats offered by the particular type of disaster. The action messages describe the plan of action and tell the people about what they should do in order to prepare themselves. Detailed explanations are made in simple and straightforward language to tell people how to do it.

To be prepared to face the emergency of natural disasters, you should also know what are the different natural disasters that can strike you.

Hurricanes

A hurricane is a cyclone that develops mainly in the tropical areas. It generally has a minimum wind speed of 74 miles per hour approximately. The wind revolves in the counterclockwise direction about the center of the storm. In the case of an intense hurricane, the wind can go more than 150 mph with blows more than 200 mph outside the center of the storm. At the time of a tornado, you may move to a small interior room at the low side of the floor of a building that is quite safe from the hurricane. For more safety tips, please read our complete section on Hurricanes.

Tornadoes

The tornadoes occur over land and can be characterized by a funnel shape cloud that extends towards the ground. The force winds of tornadoes may gust to over 200 mph. It can cause extensive and substantial damage to the buildings. The wind blows to about 150 mph and can destroy many houses altogether. These attacking winds can topple several trees that may fall on the houses and may disrupt the electrical services of the area. The tornadoes force winds may even create a dangerous barrage from the metal siding, roof material, and furniture kept at outdoors. The basic rule that goes for safety from destructive winds of tornado is similar to the ones for safety from tornadoes. For more safety tips, please read our complete section on tornadoes.

The general tips from natural disaster guides :

  • More and more information about the natural disasters that may strike in your area.
  • Get Know about the hazards and emergencies that may arise from natural disasters and how it can affect you and your family.
  • Make an emergency plan according to the information you get.
  • Collect all the things important to make for a disaster supplies kit.
  • Decide where to get shelter from the natural disaster.
  • Make out the community warning systems and announcement of evacuation routes.
  • Know what you can do for the particular disasters.
  • Practice and maintain your plan accordingly.

Tornado

Tornado is one of the most violent storms on earth. A tornado looks like a rotating and funnel shape cloud. It expands from the thunderstorm to the ground by way of whirling winds reaching about 300 miles per hour. The damage path can move on to one mile wide and 50 miles long. A tornado may strike quickly with small or no warning.

Understanding Tornado

A tornado may appear almost transparent till it picks up the dust and debris or a cloud makes up in the funnel. On an average, a tornado moves Southwest to Northeast, but it may move from any direction. Tornadoes are followed by tropical storms and hurricanes as they move on land. The tornadoes made over water are called Waterspouts.

Most frequently, tornadoes are accounted in the east of Rocky Mountains in the spring and summer months. March is the high tornado season in southern states and ranges through May. In the northern states, the time of tornado is late spring by early summer. It is likely for tornadoes to occur between 3 p.m. and 9 p.m. Tornadoes can cause victims and losses. It may devastate your neighborhood in a few seconds.

Preparing for Tornado

  • Look for the approaching storms. Before the tornado hits, the wind may stop blowing. You may see a cloud of debris marking the location of the tornado. Tornadoes may happen close to the trailing edge of a thunderstorm.
  • The sky becomes dark and often greenish. You may see clear and sunlit sky behind the tornado.
  • Tornado has a loud roar, almost like a freight train.
  • Listen to weather radio or commercial radio or television for the latest information about the tornado.
  • As you see the approaching tornado, immediately be prepared to take shelter.
  • Take cover and stay off from windows, doors, walls and open space.
  • Protect your self from falling debris.
  • If in a vehicle, get out at once and take shelter in a substantial structure.
  • If you do not find any shelter, you may lie flat in a nearby ditch with your hands covering your head.

What to do throughout a Tornado

  • Reach to basement or storm cellar or the last level of a building.
  • You can also go to the inner hallway or the little small room with no windows.
  • Do not go near the windows.
  • Get under the piece of strong furniture.
  • Cover your head and neck with your arms.
  • When in a mobile home, you should move out and take your shelter somewhere else.

What to do after a Tornado

  • After the tornado, you may see much debris. Take care of your safety.
  • Listen to radio or television to have the recent emergency information.
  • Help the injured and trapped persons. Give them first aid and don’t try to move in the seriously injured.
  • Keep your way off the damaged buildings.
  • Come back home when authorities declare that it is safe.
  • Use the telephone only in an emergency.
  • Clean spilled medicines, gasoline or any sort of flammable liquids.
  • Leave the building if you smell gas or any chemical fume.

Supplies to face Tornado

  • Flashlight with extra batteries
  • Handy, battery-operated radio with additional batteries
  • First aid kit and manual
  • Emergency water and food
  • Non-electric can opener
  • Important medicines
  • Cash
  • Credit cards
  • Tough shoes