A volcano is a mountain opening downwards to the reservoir of molten rock towards the surface of the earth. Volcanoes are made by the accrual of igneous products. As the pressure from gases in the molten rock becomes intense, the eruption takes place. The volcanic eruption can be either quiet or volatile. Its aftermaths include flowing lava, flat landscapes, poisonous gases, and fleeing ashes and rocks.

Threats from volcano

Volcano generates excessive heat. Flowing lava has great fire hazards. It flows to destroy just everything that comes in the path. It can be very acidic, abrasive, gassy, gritty and malodorous. The people suffering from a austere respiratory disease have severe threat. The volcanic ash can harm the machinery, such as electrical equipments and engines. The water mixed with ash can make your roof fall due to its heaviness.

The lateral blasts of volcano can shoot out huge pieces of rock at high speeds for various miles. The volcanic explosions can mar people by its burial and heat. They may knock down the whole forests. The volcanic eruptions can be attached to the other natural hazards, such as mudflows, earthquakes, floods, landslides, rock falls, fire, acid rain and even tsunamis. The danger area of volcano ranges from 20 miles to 100 miles radius and more.

Before a Volcano

  • Make a disaster supply kit for your family and add goggles and throwaway breathing mask in it.
  • Get information about the volcanoes in your area and stay away from them.
  • If you live near an active or inactive volcano, always be ready to evacuate at the moment’s notice from authorities.

During a Volcano

  • Follow the authorities’ evacuation order and evacuate at once from the volcano affected area
  • Avoid the flying debris, falling ash, lateral blast, hot gases, mudflows, and flowing lava.
  • Do not go in river valleys and low lying areas.
  • Help the fellow people especially infants, old people and disable people.
  • Listen to the battery power radio or television for the recent emergency information.
  • Wear full clothes and strong work boots and gloves.
  • Use goggles to protect your eyes.
  • Use the dust mask or keep a damp cloth near your face to breath.
  • Stay off from the areas downwind from a volcano to avoid volcano ash.
  • Close all windows, doors, and ventilation in a house such as furnaces, chimney vents, fans, air conditioners etc.
  • Avoid running car or truck engines as ash can clog the machinery.

After a volcano

  • You may recover from the disaster gradually.
  • Help the Injured and check for their injuries. Do not try to move the seriously injured people and if you need to stabilize their neck and back and call for help at once.
  • Maintain the body temperature with blankets but the patient must not be overheated.
  • Wash your hands completely with soap and water if you come across to touch the debris.
  • Watch out for worn out roads, dirty buildings, impure water, gas leaks, glass pieces, stained electrical wiring and greasy floors.
  • Stay in contact with the local authorities on the health and safety issues in your .
  • Be aware of fatigue and set your priorities and get enough rest.

First Aid Kit

First aid kit is the set of medicines and bandages to offer first aid in an emergency. They are the most essential part of our daily life as they help us to face accidents when you expect them least. The first aid kit has to be well kept, easy to access at home, office, school and in cars.

The first aid kits should include all the necessary tools required in an emergency. It can be used to treat a minor scrape on the knee or even to treat the victims of earthquakes, tornadoes, volcanoes, hurricanes etc. before the medical aid reaches. If you have all the necessary tools in your first aid kit, it may help you to handle the emergency. You should keep the first aid kits out of reach of the young kids.

Types of first aid kits

The types of first aid kits required in an emergency differ as per the situation. You can have the first aid kits in different sizes and shapes. They can range from the handy carry kits to the large ones required to deal out with many people.

Whether the first aid kits are purchased from a drug store or self-made, they must include all necessary items. First aid kits can be either bought from the market or can be made at home. You can either buy the first aid kit online or from the drug store. The prices of first aid kits range from about $10 for a basic kit or to $200 for the professional kit. You can even personalize your first aid kit with special prescriptions, emergency contact sheets, bandages and everything else that you may need.

You can also opt to make your own first aid kit. For this buy a lightweight, waterproof and handy container to keep the supplies. You can use the plastic tubs, tackle boxes and art supply boxes to make first-class kits.

First aid kits considerations

  • As you go on to select the first aid kits, think about the situations that may affect you and cause injury. Ask yourself different questions to be able to design the ideal kit.
  • Always remember to keep your first aid kit always updated.
  • Keep checking always to make the kit well stocked. Make the kit using the most recent prescriptions and contact information. The medicines must not be expired.
  • After you make the first aid kits, it is very important to go by the manual in order to make proper use of the contents. Always take the first aid kits on the biking, hiking, camping or boating tours.

Components of First Aid Kit

The first aid kit should have:

  • Sterilized adhesive bandage
  • Four or six two-inch and four-inch sterile gauze pads
  • Hypo-allergenic adhesive tape
  • Three triangular bandages
  • Three rolls two-inch sterile roller bandages
  • Three rolls three-inch sterile roller bandages
  • Scissors
  • Needle
  • Tweezers
  • Wet towelettes
  • Thermometer
  • Antiseptics
  • Two tongue blades
  • Petroleum jelly tubes or lubricants
  • Safety pins in different sizes
  • Cleansing soap or agent
  • Two pair latex gloves
  • Sunscreen
  • Prescription drugs